Male infertility issues account for up to 50 percent of infertility problems among couples. We are proud to have developed a robust and comprehensive response to such a common problem. We are the only center in the region with its own andrology laboratory staffed by five andrologists and an on-site urologist performing evaluations as well as surgical procedures in the office. This unique offering allows you convenient and confidential diagnosis and treatment that can help you reach your goal of fatherhood.

Causes of Male Infertility

Our physicians and andrologists have extensive experience with the many known factors that can potentially lead to male infertility, which include:

  • Genetic disorders
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Infection (acute and/or chronic infections of the prostate or testicle)
  • Anatomic issues (blockages, varicoceles, tumors)
  • Previous surgery or vasectomy
  • Direct injury (testicular or pelvic trauma, heat, irradiation, etc.)
  • Indirect injury (radiation therapy, chemotherapy, environmental toxins, drugs, tobacco, alcohol, etc.)


We will work with you to pinpoint the exact cause of infertility and create a customized treatment plan to address your needs. Our on-site andrology laboratory offers expertise in the following services:

  • Semen analysis
  • Centrifugation and pellet analysis for azoospermia
  • Semen cryopreservation and storage
  • Surgically extracted sperm and testicular tissue cryopreservation and storage
  • Retrograde ejaculation (post-ejaculate urine) assessment
  • Seminal vesicle aspiration
  • Penile vibratory stimulation
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) processing
  • Sperm morphology testing
  • Leukocytospermia screening

Additionally, UNC Fertility has an on-site urologist working toward your goal. Dr. Matt Coward, in collaboration with the IVF Laboratory, offers:

  • Surgical sperm extraction procedures on-site, including testicular sperm extraction and biopsy, epididymal sperm extraction, and testicular sperm aspiration
  • Microsurgical vasectomy reversal
  • Varicocele evaluation
  • Erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction
  • Hormonal evaluation including treatment for low testosterone
  • Fertility preservation for men with cancer
  • Genetic evaluation
  • Ultrasound evaluations of the complete male genitourinary tract
  • No-scalpel, no-needle vasectomy

We welcome you to contact us with any further questions about your needs and our leading-edge male reproductive services. Please call us at 919-908-0000 to schedule an appointment.