Intrauterine insemination (IUI) involves placing a concentrated number of sperm directly into the uterine cavity. We perform IUI at the approximate time of ovulation, when a mature egg is released. Therefore, we optimize the chances for pregnancy by ensuring that sperm are in the right place at the right time.
There are some specific indications for adding IUI to a treatment plan to help to improve fertility. Some women have problems with poor cervical mucous and IUI bypasses the cervical mucous. Since the process concentrates the sperm, IUI is often used when the male partner has a low sperm count. IUI also improves pregnancy rates for couples with otherwise unexplained infertility.
The procedure can be combined with other fertility treatments, such as taking oral or injectable medication to improve the quality or number of eggs released each month. This procedure is best suited for women with normal fallopian tubes because it relies on the tubes to capture the egg(s) released from the ovaries. The chance of pregnancy is up to 15-20% per cycle.